Natura demonów i charakter walki duchowej z perspektywy współczesnej teologii protestanckiej

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Tomasz Józefowicz

Abstrakt

The nature of the demonic and the character of spiritual warfare: contemporary protestant theologcal perspectives.


The article is an overview of the most common approaches concerning the nature of demonic entities and the character of spiritual deliverance as they are presented in contemporary protestant theology.


The first section examines four views on the nature of the demonic realm, starting with a traditional approach (demons as evil personal beings) and then discusses three contemporary reinterpretations of demonic nature: 1) ‘demons as nothingness’, the concept of Karl Barth and a similar idea of Nigel Wright (‘demons as emptiness’); 2) ‘demons as the inner reality of social structures’,the  view of Walter Wink; 3) ‘demons as emergent beings’, the notion of Amos Yong.


The above mentioned approaches to the nature of the demonic correspond to different models of spiritual warfare present in Church ministries today. The second section of the article discusses three of those approaches: 1) the inner conflict model; 2) the deliverance model; 3) the resistance to world systems model.


In the conclusion, the author of the article argues that given the multifaceted nature of the demonic, the Church should not reduce the matter of spiritual warfare to one model but should encourage and develop different ministries reflecting the complex ‘geography of evil’ in the world.

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Tomasz Józefowicz

Doktor nauk teologicznych w zakresie teologii systematycznej; absolwent Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (USA) oraz Chrześcijańskiej Akademii Teologicznej w Warszawie. Zainteresowania: nurty we współczesnej anglosaskiej etyce teologicznej; filozoficzne i teologiczne uzasadnienia etyki; etyka społeczna i polityczna w tradycji anabaptystycznej (szczególnie etyka polityczna Johna Howarda Yodera); gender studies (w szczególności równy status kobiet i mężczyzn w Kościele); analityczna filozofia religii (open theism oraz problem zła).